Cisco SD-Access Fabric Policy Plane Based on Cisco TrustSec
The Cisco Software-Defined Access (SD-Access) fabric policy plane is based on Cisco TrustSec.
1. Control plane based on LISP
2. Data plane based on VXL _AN
3. Policy plane based on Cisco TrustSec
The VXLAN header carries the fields for VRF and SGT that is being used in network segmentation and security policies. In this topic, you will see how the SGTs work with Cisco TrustSec and Cisco ldentity Services Engine (ISE).
While the Cisco SD- Access control plane is based on LISP and data plane is based on VXL AN, the Cisco SD-Access policy plane is based on Cisco TrustSec.
Role of Cisco TrustSec in Campus Fabric
TrustSec has a couple key features that are essential in the secure and scalable Cisco SD-Access solution. Traffic is segmented based on a classification group, called a scalable group, and not based on topology (VL AN or IP Subnet). Based on endpoint classification Scalable Group Tags (SGTs) are assigned to enforce access policies for users, applications, and devices.
The traditional approach to security in enterprise network creates several limitations and complexities. Security policies that are based on IP addresses within subnets and VLANs tend to be complex and difficult to manage. The enforcement and management of these policies throughout the network can be an administrative task that requires much skill as access lists tend to grow with the organization. Another drawback of this current approach is the static nature of access lists. As network become more dynamic, constant changes with network policy become difficult
Cisco TrustSec provides software-defined segmentation that dynamically organizes endpoints into logical groups called security groups. Security, also known as scalable groups are assigned based on business decisions using a richer context than an IP address. Unlike access control mechanisms that are based on network topology, Cisco TrustSec policies use logical groupings. Decoupling access entitlements from IP addresses and VLANs simplifies security policy maintenance tasks, lowers operational costs, and allows common access policies to be consistently applied to wired, wireless, and VPN access. By classifying traffic according to the contextual identity of the endpoint instead of its IP address, the Cisco TrustSec solution enables more flexible access controls for dynamic networking environments and data centers.
The ultimate goal of Cisco TrustSec technology is to assign a tag (known as a Scalable Group Tag, or SGT) to the user’s or device’s traffic at the ingress (inbound into the network), and then enforce the access policy based on the tag elsewhere in the infrastructure (for example, data center). Switches, routers, and firewalls use the SGT to make forwarding decisions. For instance, an SGT may be assigned to a Guest user, so that the Guest traffic may be isolated from non-Guest traffic throughout the infrastructure.
The Cisco ldentity Services Engine (ISE) acts as a controller for software-defined segmentation groups and policies, providing a layer of policy abstraction and centralized administration. Cisco ISE allows segmentation policies to be applied to networks of any size using a simple and clear policy matrix.
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